German Major Cities with High Population Growth
Chart of the Month – January 2015
The population of German major cities has risen most strongly among all German administrative districts. As a calculation of the German Federal Institute for Population Research (BiB) shows, Berlin has gained about 43,000 new residents each year from 2011 to 2013, followed by Munich (22,600), Hamburg (13,600) and Frankfurt (11,500).
Almost all German major cities indicate positive migration balances. However, there can be shown substantial differences between them. Particularly the 'gateway cities' of Berlin, Munich, Hamburg, Frankfurt and Stuttgart hold high net migration gains from abroad. "In these cities, about 75% of the population increase can be ascribed to international migration", explains Susanne Stedtfeld, migration researcher at the BiB. In contrast, the major cities of Leipzig (10,000), Dresden (6,400) and Münster (6,000) gained new inhabitants almost entirely from internal migration, whereas Cologne (9,700) and Hanover (5,300) show a balance of external and internal migration gains.
Although the natural population movement, resulting from births and deaths, affects the population development as well, migration plays the key factor in the population increase of major cities in Germany.