Navigation and service

Extension of Working Life

Conditions, Consequences, Chances

Content and Objective

The project was launched against the background of the raising of the legal retirement age in Germany. In order to acquire information about the desires of elderly people for prolonged involvement in working life, in 2008 a survey of 1,500 employees living in private households aged 55 to 65 years was conducted under the title Employment after Retirement. The survey included persons who are or were once gainfully employed.

The objective of this project is to find out the general attitudes towards further employment beyond the age of 65 and ascertain the conditions required for this. For this purpose, in addition to facts such as the occupational category, the size and the sector of the employer or the vocational position, we also surveyed attitudes towards the raising of the legal retirement age, the willingness to continue working, the assessment of the working atmosphere, identification with the firm, an evaluation of the working conditions as well as information about personal health conditions.

In addition, analyses of the survey data indicate a positive correlation between the future self-assessed "productivity" (which correlates positively with the desire to continue working) and the intra-company position. Is the future self-assessed productivity – as an important factor for the willingness to continue working in retirement age – rather a phenomenon on the management level or do certain barriers exist for the middle and lower company positions in regard to the willingness to stay longer in the working life? Can job- and organisation-related characteristics add to a siginicant approach to an explanation?


Micheel, Frank (2012): Gibt es einen Zusammenhang zwischen selbst wahrgenommener Arbeitsfähigkeit und beruflicher Stellung? In: Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell 33,2: 13-19

Dittrich, Dennis A. V.; Büsch, Victoria; Micheel, Frank (2011): Working beyond Retirement Age in Germany. The Employee's Perspective. In: Ennals, Richard; Salomon, Robert (eds.): Older Workers in a Sustainable Society. Labour, Education & Society 21. Frankfurt am Main etc.: Peter Lang: 189-202

Micheel, Frank; Roloff, Juliane; Wickenheiser, Ines (2010): The Impact of Socioeconomic Characteristics on Older Employees' Willingness to Continue Working in Retirement Age. In: Comparative Population Studies – Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft 35,4: 869-902

Micheel, Frank (2010): Editorial to the Special Issue "Extending the Late Working Life – Prerequisites and Risks". In: Comparative Population Studies – Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft 35,4: 703-708

Dorbritz, Jürgen; Micheel, Frank (2010): Weiterbeschäftigung im Rentenalter. Potenziale, Einstellungen und Bedingungen. In: Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell 31,3: 2-7

Büsch, Victoria; Dorbritz, Jürgen; Heien, Thomas; Micheel, Frank (2010): Weiterbeschäftigung im Rentenalter. Wünsche, Bedingungen, Möglichkeiten. Materialien zur Bevölkerungswissenschaft 129. Wiesbaden: Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung

Additional Information


Frank Micheel

Phone: +49 611 75 2445
Fax: +49 611 75 3960

send an e-mail

This Page

© Federal Institute for Population Research - 2017