Anja Steinbach (2009)
The Division of Domestic Tasks in the Case of Couples with a Turkish Migration Background, and Native German Couples in Comparison*
In: Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 34, 1-2/2009, p. 79-104, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, ISSN: 0340-2398, DOI: 10.1007/s12523-010-0034-1
Abstract: Considerable research activities have been carried out in the Federal Republic of Germany in recent years with regard to the division of domestic tasks in partnerships and families. Having said that, persons with a migration background have been extremely rarely considered in these surveys; in particular no comparison is carried out between migrants and native Germans. For this reason, it has also remained largely unclarified whether and to what degree the results at hand on the division of domestic tasks can be generalised for all couples living in Germany. This knowledge gap is relevant above all because it means that a large share of the population in Germany is being disregarded. This contribution is hence to compare couples with a Turkish migration background – as members of the largest group of migrants, and as members of the group of migrants supposed to demonstrate the greatest cultural differences – with regard to the division of domestic tasks and in comparison with native Germans. For the data analysis, apart from the information from respondents in the main survey of the first wave of the GGS (2005), the information from the respondents of the additional survey of Turkish nationals (2006) is also to be consulted. This concentrates first and foremost on the question of whether Turkish couples and native German couples differ from one another in the structure of their partnerships as to the distribution of domestic tasks. The results show that women in partnerships with a Turkish migration background do more housework than native German women. The multivariate models initially confirm this difference, even though various sociodemographic characteristics of the respondents and their partners are verified. If one however additionally introduces into the model the level of institutionalisation of the partnership, as well as considering the orientation in terms of gender roles, the extent of attendance at religious events, as well as the share of women in decisions in the partnership, the effect is in fact reversed: The differences between Turkish and German couples in relation to the division of domestic tasks is hence caused by the partnership and family course-related situation, as well as by the degree of traditional values.
* peer-reviewed article (original German title: Die häusliche Aufgabenteilung bei Paaren mit türkischem Migrationshintergrund und einheimischen deutschen Paaren im Vergleich)