Dirk J. van de Kaa (2007)
The Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences and Two Periods of Foreign Occupation
In: Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 32, 1-2/2007, p. 249-261, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, ISSN: 0340-2398
It took until the end of the 18th century before in The Netherlands some form of central government came to be established. When in 1795 the southern provinces of the Low Countries were annexed by France, those in the north founded the Batavian Republic. This republic did not last long, however. In 1806 Napoleon abolished it and made it into a Kingdom headed by his brother Louis Napoleon; in 1810 full incorporation into the French Empire followed which lasted until the early months of 1815. Modeled on his home country Louis Napoleon founded a learned society, which now still exists as the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. This essay considers the way in which foreign members of that learned society were recruited during this first period of foreign domination and compares its impact with that of the second period when foreign forces occupied The Netherlands during World War II. For obvious reasons the paper focuses on the selection of Germanborn foreign members and correspondents during these two periods.