Wolfgang Weiß (2006)
On the Development of a Residual Population as a Result of a Long Period of Selective Emigration in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania – Impact of Demographic Ageing, Taking Particular Account of Regional Aspects*
In: Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 31, 3-4/2006, p. 469-506, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, ISSN: 0340-2398
"Residual population" is a relatively undefined working term of modern migration research in demographic geography. It serves to label the structural particularities of a regional population which has been subject to long-term selective emigration, whereby the characteristics become established which are complementary to the typical structure of migrants. This process has been taking place unhindered for three generations in the most rural regions of Germany to the East of the Elbe. Age, sex and level of qualification are the dominant determinants of migration, and all in all – especially in comparison with other regions – a disproportionately large number of well-educated young women emigrate whose motive for migration is closely associated with the world of work. This development has been observed in all the new Federal Länder from 1990 onwards, including almost all centres. In the demographically active age, his led to a distortion of the sexual proportions, entailing a roughly 15 % deficit of women. This measure is relatively approachable in statistical terms, and hence forms a good indicator of regional weaknesses when it comes to working and living conditions, as well as being a catalyst for consequential problems, above all in social relations, since the male societies which arise tend to change social values.
* Original title: Zur Entwicklung einer Residualbevölkerung infolge lang anhaltender selektiver Abwanderung in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern – Auswirkungen der Bevölkerungsalterung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung regionaler Aspekte (full text in German only)