Franz-Josef Kemper (2006)
International Migration and Foreign Population in Germany*
In: Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 31, 3-4/2006, p. 389-412, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, ISSN: 0340-2398
The article deals with the regional differences in external migration and in the foreign population in Germany. International migration has so far been typified by wave-like currents of immigration and emigration, a high migration volume and much temporary migration activity. A comparison of Federal Länder suggests a connection between the share of temporary migrants and economic prosperity. The diversity of migration has increased considerably since the political changes. On the basis of the law on immigration and residence, a distinction is made between six groups of migrants, and their spatial distribution within Germany is discussed. In addition to concentrations which relate to current economic dynamics, trends become apparent towards even distributions as a result of state allocation and persistent consequential effects of earlier migration phases. The foreign population is overrepresented above all in cities and agglomerations. In addition to West-East differences, it is possible to observe a South-North divide left over from the guest-worker period. Finally, differentiations by settlement structure and by cities in Germany are shown for selected foreign nationalities, taking account of the respective migration history.
* Original title: Internationale Wanderungen und ausländische Bevölkerung in Deutschland (full text in German only)