Paul Gans and Michael Horn (2006)
Demographic Ageing and Heterogenization of the Population Structure as a Challenge for Urban Development – The Example of Ludwigshafen (Rhine)*
In: Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 31, 3-4/2006, p. 507-535, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, ISSN: 0340-2398
The article relates essentially to three components of demographic change, namely to population trends, to ageing and to internationalisation combined with heterogenisation with regard to two spatial perspectives: the level of the cities, taking in to account all municipalities not associated with a district which had 100,000 residents or more in at least one year during the period 1995 to 2003, as well as the Land capital of Hanover, and the level within cities. Taking Ludwigshafen (Rhine) as an example, the dynamic change in differentiation between city areas is analysed in retrospect on the basis of the available data. This example can demonstrate that the municipalities face challenges which vary widely within a city, depending on the residential area and its past development path (taking account of urban development characteristics, construction condition and ownership structures) finding expression in a widening gap in demographic trends, ageing and internationalisation at micro level. The past (1995-2003) and the future (2002 to 2020) demographic trends in cities focus on a comparative observation of the components of demographic change, concentrating on the following question, namely which specific challenges emerge in the individual types of city, for instance as to labour market, housing, integration, infrastructure or urban development?
* Original title: Demographische Alterung und Heterogenisierung der Bevölkerungsstruktur als Herausforderungen an die Stadtentwicklung – Das Beispiel Ludwigshafen am Rhein (full text in German only)