Ralf Mai (2004)
The Assessment of Ageing-Related Reform Policies*
In: Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 29, 3-4/2004, p. 447-470, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, ISSN: 0340-2398
The starting point of the article is the assumption that individuals' assessments must be taken into account for successful implementation of ageing-related policy reforms. Acceptance research is hence becoming increasingly significant in the context of demographic change and increasing pressure for reform on the social systems. Research on rejection of such measures is equally important as it directly reflects the population's general willingness to accept reforms.
The present analysis in the Population Policy Acceptance Study (PPAS) starts by investigating the patterns of acceptance for pensions-related measures in Germany. The results show that measures which would fundamentally reform the current system are unpopular in Germany. The results show little support for greater individualisation of old-age pensions. Then, the group of those rejecting reforms was analysed in greater detail. The differences between rejection and acceptance reflect above all an East-West divide, as well as differences in education, age and occupation. In some cases, Western and Eastern Germans show different rejection patterns in this matter. It is also possible to show a clear differentiation among those rejecting reforms. Cluster analyses indicate that the types of rejection above all differ by residential region, marital status and values held.
The results emphasise the need to pay attention to individuals' opinions in implementing ageing-related policy measures, and in doing so to focus more strongly on individual groups with similar patterns decision-taking conduct.
* Original title: Die Bewertung alterspolitischer Reformmaßnahmen (full text in German only)