Claudia Diehl (2002)
Becoming German: Who Naturalises – and why? Determinants of the Naturalisation Process of Turkish and Italian Origin Young Adults – Results of the Integration Survey Undertaken by the Federal Institute for Population Research (BiB)*
In: Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 27, 3/2002, p. 285-312, Opladen: Verlag Leske + Budrich, ISSN: 0340-2398
In this article, the determinants of the decision to naturalise as well as of the intention to acquire a German passport are examined for Italian and Turkish origin young adults living in Germany: Why do some immigrants plan to naturalise and/or acquire German citizenship and others do not, even though they are entitled to acquire a German passport? Special emphasis is put on the role of immigrants’ social and cultural adaptation in the process of becoming a citizen – a factor that is often neglected in naturalisation research due to data problems. Data are drawn from a quantitative survey among 1.200 Turkish and 1.200 Italian origin mostly second-generation migrants in Germany.
With regard to the intention to naturalise the analyses show that those who were born in Germany plan to acquire the German passport more often that those who were born in Turkey (only few Italians have a plan to naturalise). Besides, this intention depends almost exclusively on a persons’ social and cultural integration. The latter does also play an important role when one looks at who is already naturalised. A higher level of education is also positively related to a persons’ likelihood to have already changed his or her citizenship. In the age group under consideration, Turkish females change their citizenship considerably more often than males, a look at official aggregate data shows, however, that males do catch up when they are older.
* Original title: Wer wird Deutsche/r und warum? Bestimmungsfaktoren der Einbürgerung türkisch- und italienischstämmiger junger Erwachsener – Ergebnisse des Integrationssurveys des BiB (full text in German only)