Peter Teibenbacher and Josef Haas (2002)
The Model of Demographic Transition – Itself in Transition? The Example of Styria between 1870 and 1940*
In: Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 27, 2/2002, p. 247-264, Opladen: Verlag Leske + Budrich, ISSN: 0340-2398
The First Demographic Transition in Europe (from ca. 1850 up to ca. 1930) is in spite of the growing interest in the process of demographic transition in the developing countries in the last ten years a very intensive debated issue. The demographic research should consider in this sense the rapid decrease of births in the postcommunist states in eastern Europe more strongly. The concept of the First Demographic Transition has to be enriched by regional variants. But especially the unprejudiced usage of the term "culture", not thought as a counterpart of economy, can foster the concepts ability to explain this complex process. The factor "death", combined with the factor "new middle class in a new economy" seem to have determined the First Demographic Transition in Europe.
* Original title: Das Modell vom Demographischen Übergang – selbst im Übergang? Das Beispiel der Steiermark zwischen 1870 und 1914 (full text in German only)