Claudia Diehl (2002)
The Impact of Long-Term Visits to the Country of Origin on the Educational Success of Turkish- and Italian-Origin Students*
In: Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 27, 2/2002, p. 165-184, Opladen: Verlag Leske + Budrich, ISSN: 0340-2398
The article tackles the question whether or not long-term visits to the country of origin yield negative effects on minority students' school performance. Using data from a survey among Turkish- and Italian-origin students living in Germany, the relationship between these visits and the likelihood that a person leaves the school system without a degree is investigated. In order to analyze the impact of long-term visits to the country of origin independently of students‘ immigration age the analyses are restricted to migrants who went to school or were born in Germany. The results show that these stays do not occur very frequently in this group to begin with. In addition, their negative impact on students‘ educational success vanishes after language skills are controlled statistically: Long-term visits have a negative effect on these skills which, in turn, are positively related to migrants' school performance. Cross sectional data are yet not suitable for assessing the causal linkage between these variables. It thus remains an open question whether migrants with poor language skills are more likely to return to their country of origin temporarily or whether their weak language skills are a result of these visits.
* Original title: Die Auswirkungen längerer Herkunftslandaufenthalte auf den Bildungserfolg türkisch- und italienischstämmiger Schülerinnen und Schüler (full text in German only)