Attila Melegh (2001)
International Migration and Hungary in the 1990s: Problems and Perspectives*
In: Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 26, 3-4/2001, p. 463-474, Opladen: Verlag Leske + Budrich, ISSN: 0340-2398
During the 1990s, Hungary became a receiving country of migrants after being a sending one for almost seventy years. Consequently, research had to be stepped up and dramatically re-conceptualised, since Hungarian research had until then focussed on emigration. Also until 1990 the focus was on the actions of political organs and not on the perspective of migrants. In the view of the author, the last ten years have been enough only for setting up an institutional framework, identifying some of the crucial issues and combining some basic statistics.
This article presents some of the initial research findings on international migration to Hungary in the nineties. The number of immigrants and emigrants in Hungary is analysed, as is the progression of the flow of migration and its characteristics. Critical aspects of migration and the integration of migrants in Hungary are indicated and the attitudes of Hungarians towards migrants illustrated.
* Original title: Die internationale Migration und Ungarn in den 90er Jahren: Probleme und Perspektiven (full text in German only)