Reiner Schulz (2001)
The Demographic Situation in 2000; Part B: World Population – Structures, Developments and their Determinants*
In: Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 26, 2/2001, p. 145-171, Opladen: Verlag Leske + Budrich, ISSN: 0340-2398
The observation of long-term population trends demonstrates that the world underwent a phase of theretofore unknown demographic growth in the 100 years from 1950 to 2050. It will however become clear in this article that it is not only the number of people living in the world, but rather the composition of the population, its structure as to age and gender, regional distribution, socio-demographic and socio-economic situation that is decisive for problems and for the solutions to these problems. For this reason, fertility and mortality are discussed according to the depiction of the development of the demographic parameters, particularly as to the impact of these trends on the population structure, the regional spread (urbanisation), as well as on environmental and food-related problems. The impact of the "HIV/AIDS" pandemic is discussed in an excursion.
Poverty, food shortages and a lack of medical treatment, as well as the widespread absence of women's self-determination in the less developed countries, show the need for further efforts to be undertaken in the various policy areas. Particular significance attaches here to family and social policy in order to ensure people a life worth living, since most people will continue to live in less developed countries (all countries apart from the industrialised nations: Europe, Northern America, Japan, Australia / New Zealand). Since in addition to riches, the poverty of many people is the primary reason why resources are not used in a sustainable manner, a policy of fighting against poverty is at the same time a promising environmental policy.
* Original title: Die demographische Lage im Jahr 2000; Teil B: Weltbevölkerung – Strukturen, Entwicklungen und deren Determinanten (full text in German only)