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Parliamentary Elections in 2017: One in Two Eligible Voters is Older than 52 Years

Chart of the Month – September 2017

In the forthcoming German parliamentary elections the eligible voters will be older as ever before. According to calculations of the Federal Institute for Population Research (BiB) in Wiesbaden, the median age of the electorate living in Germany has, for the first time, gone beyond the age of 52 years. This means that half of 61.5 million eligible voters are older than 52 years. In the early 1990s the median age of the electorate was only around 46 years. From that time on it has started to increase considerably.

The increasing median age is a direct consequence of population ageing as it is accompanied by a shift in age structure in favour of older population groups. “Falling birth rates, increasing life expectancy and ageing of the large baby-boom generation are the main reasons for this development”, Dr. Tim Aevermann (BiB) explains. Since there are more elder women than men in the population, this has also an impact on the different median age according to sex. Currently, half of the female eligible voters are older than 53 years and half of the male eligible voters are older than 51 years.

And there are also significant differences on the regional level. In Eastern Germany ageing has advanced further than in the West due to the emigration of mainly young people over the last decades. Accordingly, the median age of the electorate in the East is nearly 2 years above the value for Western Germany.

The picture shows a line chart which illustrates the median age of the eligible voters in Germany. Median Age of the Electorate in Germany

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© Federal Institute for Population Research - 2017