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Family Planning Essential Future Investment in Sub-Saharan Africa

Chart of the Month – July 2017

On the occasion of the World Population Day on family planning on 11 July the Federal Institute for Population Research (BiB) points out that the African countries located in Sub-Saharan Africa are facing a considerable demographic challenge. According to recent calculations by the United Nations Population Division the current population of one billion people will roughly have doubled by 2050. By the end of the century we must assume another multiplication reaching up to 4 billion people. Geographer Frank Swiaczny (BiB) explains: “Without a sharp decline in fertility, which currently amounts to 4.8 children per woman, the population growth will be even higher.“

Therefore, access to modern family planning methods is a key component of the future development in these countries. According to data provided by the Guttmacher Institute approximately 215 million women in less developed regions have an unmet demand for modern contraception, in Sub-Saharan Africa alone there is a respective demand of 51 million women. Further progress in sexual and reproductive health education and contraception is a prerequisite for a decline in fertility and, thus, a reduced population growth. “Without successful family planning internationally agreed sustainable development goals will hardly be reached in Africa”, Frank Swiaczny states.

The picture shows a map which illustrates the unmet need for modern methods of family planning in 2017 and the expected Total Fertility Rate for the period from 2015 to 2020 in African countries. Unmet Demand for Modern Family Planning in Africa

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© Federal Institute for Population Research - 2017