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Women are Increasingly Contributing to Household Income

Chart of the Month – June 2017

In Germany, there has been a steady growth in women’s contributions to household incomes of couples in recent years. Whereas in 1998 paid work of women only accounted for about a quarter of the net income in couple households, the share increased to more than a third until 2013. This was calculated by the Federal Institute for Population Research (BiB) on the basis of the Income and Consumption Survey. The reasons for the increased percentage are the generally higher employment rate and improved working skills in women.

Even though children are still considered as the main reason for the gender pay gap, the contribution to the household income has equally risen among all women, regardless of the number of children living in the household. Thus, women without children, for instance, were able to increase their share from 30 to 37% in the last 15 years. The percentage in mothers with one child in the household rose from 26 to 33%. Even women with three or more minor children are contributing 22% to household incomes today – in 1998, this was considerably lower with a share of 16%. “Due to improved childcare facilities, even women with three or more children are able to considerably increase their contribution to the household income”, Dr. Tim Aevermann from the BiB explains. However, the role of men as breadwinners of the family is still very common in Germany.

The picture shows a bar chart which illustrates the percentage of women are increasingly contributing to household income. Women are Increasingly Contributing to Household Income

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© Federal Institute for Population Research - 2017